Afghanistan

Graphic: AIHRC Chairperson speaking with schoolgirls


Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission Full Member since 2005

Pul-e-Surkh, Karti Se
Kabul
Afghanistan
P: +93 (20) 250 0676 F: +93 (20) 250 0677 W: www.aihrc.org.af


Article

More civilians killed or injured last year than ever

26 Jul 2016 Afghanistan
Monitoring
Article

AIHRC report documents rise in torture and ill-treatment

17 May 2016 Afghanistan
TortureMonitoring
Article

​Commission concerned by increased civilian casualties

13 Feb 2016 Afghanistan
Monitoring
Article

Afghan Commission mourns staff killed in attack

27 Nov 2015 Afghanistan
Defenders
More articles

APF membership

Full Membership (10th Annual Meeting, August 2005); Associate Membership (8th Annual Meeting, February 2004)

Establishment

The Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission was established under the Bonn Agreement and commenced operations following a Decree of the President of the Interim Administration of Afghanistan on 6 June 2002.

On 7 January 2004, the Commission became constitutionally entrenched following the adoption of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan by the Loya Jirgah (the Afghan Grand Assembly).

The Commission's establishing legislation – the Law on the Structure, Duties and Mandate of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission – was adopted by the Afghanistan Cabinet and enacted by the President of Afghanistan on 2 May 2005.

Role and functions

The Commission has a broad mandate that includes:

  • monitoring the situation of human rights in the country
  • promoting and protecting human rights
  • monitoring the situation of and people's access to their fundamental rights and freedoms
  • investigating and verifying cases of human rights violations
  • taking measures for the improvement and promotion of the human rights situation in the country.

Judicial and prosecutorial bodies, ministries, governmental agencies, civil society groups, non-governmental organisations and all citizens are obliged to cooperate with the Commission.

Members

Dr Sima Samar
Chairperson

Mohammad Farid Hamidi

Dr. Soraya Sobhrang

Ahmad Zia Langari

Maulwi Abdur Rahaman Hotak

General Ayoub Asel

Hawa Alam Nuristani

Qudria Yazdanparast

Wahiduldin Arghoon


Dr Sima Samar, Chairperson of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, describes the challenges of protecting human rights and promoting accountability in a country "where there is no rule of law".


Paper

Bare Facts: Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission

11 Aug 2015 Afghanistan
Constitution

Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

18 Aug 2015 Afghanistan
Statement

Law on the Structure, Duties and Mandate of the AIHRC

18 Aug 2015 Afghanistan
More resources

Image credits

  1. AIHRC Chairperson speaking with schoolgirls - AIHRC