Commission releases second annual anti-torture report
Graphic: Men sit on bed in cell
Nearly all allegations of torture contained in the report were directed against the Maldives Police Service.
The Maldives Police Service was accused in 54 out of 56 cases of torture submitted to the human rights watchdog between July 2014 and June 2015, the Human Rights Commission of Maldives (HRCM) has revealed in its second annual anti-torture report.
Maldives Independent reported that the Commission completed investigations into 37 cases and sent four cases for prosecution. However, the Prosecutor General's Office declined to prosecute any of the cases due to insufficient evidence.
Even in cases where signs of abuse were visible on the victim's body, the Commission noted difficulties in identifying the perpetrator from among the police officers on duty at the time of the incident. The report stated that the perpetrator must be identified for prosecution.
The Commission determined that there were no acts of torture in 33 cases.
The 54 cases alleging torture by the police included 13 cases of physical abuse during arrest, 26 cases of custodial abuse, 15 cases of physical abuse during protests, and one case of physical abuse during transfer to court for a remand hearing.
The anti-torture law passed in December 2013 compels the Commission to investigate allegations of torture and prepare an annual report before the end of July.
Only one case was submitted during the review period alleging torture by a Maldives Correctional Service (MCS) officer in a prison or detention facility.
The government-run Majeedhiyya School was also accused in one case dating back to 2002, involving physical abuse of a student during a cadet exercise.
In 10 cases of alleged torture by police officers, the report noted that the victims were below 18 years of age.
The Commission listed several challenges it faced in investigating allegations of torture within the three-month period mandated by the law, including difficulties in gathering conclusive evidence.
It also noted the lack of funds and resources to travel to islands to conduct investigations, as well as non-cooperation from complainants after release from police custody.
In some cases, the commission faced difficulties in identifying and locating eye witnesses due to incomplete information submitted by complainants.
Date: 1 August 2015
Source: Maldives Independent
- Men sit on bed in cell - APF/Michael Power