NHRIs to be reviewed by accreditation body
Indonesia and the Philippines will join 13 other NHRIs from around the globe to have their international accreditation status reviewed in March 2012.
The national human rights institutions of Indonesia and the Philippines will join 13 other institutions from around the globe to have their international accreditation status reviewed in March 2012.
The independent assessment will be undertaken by the Sub-Committee on Accreditation from the International Coordinating Committee of National Human Rights Institutions (ICC).
The Sub-Committee will meet in Geneva from 26-30 March 2012, following the ICC Bureau Meeting (19-20 March 2012).
The other national human rights institutions to be reviewed by the Sub-Committee include Bolivia, Colombia, Malawi, Peru and Rwanda (reaccreditation); Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mali and Tajikistan (new applications); and Bermuda, Burkina Faso and Slovakia (deferred applications).
An additional task undertaken by the Sub-Committee is the development of General Observations, which provide guidance to NHRIs on the interpretation and application of the Paris Principles.
During the meeting in March, the Sub-Committee will consider drafts of General Observations on:
- NHRIs designated as National Preventive Mechanisms and National Monitoring Mechanisms under various UN human rights treaties
- The criteria used by the SCA in assessing the performance of NHRIs
- The criteria used by the SCA in assessing those NHRI with quasi-judicial functions.
About the accreditation process
The Sub-Committee generally meets twice a year – in March and November – to consider whether prospective and existing member NHRIs are established and function as independent bodies according the standards set out in the Paris Principles.
NHRIs which are considered to fully comply with the Paris Principles are accredited ‘A status’, while those that partially comply are accredited ‘B status’ or ‘C status’.
‘A status’ institutions are eligible for full membership of the ICC and the Asia Pacific Forum, and also have independent participation rights at the UN Human Rights Council and its subsidiary bodies.
In making its determination, the Sub-Committee considers information from the applicant NHRI, credible international and regional organisations and relevant international, regional and domestic civil society organisations.
During the meeting, the Sub-Committee will also contact the applicant NHRI by telephone to discuss any particular issues of concern.
The report and recommendations of the Sub-Committee are usually finalised within a week of the meeting and sent to the applicant NHRI for comments.
Applicant NHRIs have 28 days to respond to the recommendations and their comments are included in a written report presented to the 16-member ICC Bureau, which makes the final decision on each NHRI’s accreditation status within a further 21 days.
If more than four ICC Bureau members from more than two regions object to the Sub-Committee’s recommendation, it is sent to the next ICC Bureau meeting for consideration. If not, the recommendation is adopted.
The review process is set out in full in the Sub-Committee's Rules of Procedure.
Date: 17 February 2012