Report reveals different faces of human trafficking
Graphic: NHRC Chairperson Justice Anup Raj Sharma launching the report
A new report by the NHRC has found that trafficking of women and girls to Korea and China for marriage is a growing phenomenon in Nepal.
A new report by the National Human Rights Commission has found that trafficking of women and girls to Korea and China for the purpose of marriage is a growing phenomenon in Nepal.
"It is estimated that at least 1,000 female migrants went to South Korea through marriage between 2005 and 2013 and about 300 are happily married while the others are in slavery-like conditions," the report stated.
The Commission claims that at least 83 marriage bureaus are operating in Nepal.
The report also stated that a large number of Nepali migrant workers end in forced labour situations or are being trafficked for labour exploitation.
"A vast majority of Nepali migrant workers in Malaysia, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait and Lebanon are excluded from protection under the labor laws," the report said.
Records with the Counsellor Service Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs reveal that 511 persons were rescued from different countries in fiscal year 2013-2014 and 494 persons in 2014-2015.
The report estimated that a total of 9,500 persons were subjected to attempted trafficking, while 8,500 were actually trafficked in 2014-2015. It noted that that only a fraction of trafficking cases are registered with the Nepal police, including just 181 cases in 2014-2015.
While there are no recent estimates of female workers in the so-called "entertainment" sector, like dance bars and massage centers, a considerable number of women working in the sector are vulnerable to sexual abuse, exploitation and trafficking.
The report also revealed that trafficking of humans for the purpose of kidney extraction is a growing problem in Nepal.
In addition, the Commission noted there is a link between trafficking and inter-country adoption but figures indicate that the number of inter-county adoptions dropped substantially in the past two years compared with previous years.
Based on its findings, the Commission has recommended that the government strengthen the national anti-trafficking policy, taking into account the changing context of trafficking following the 2015 earthquake.
The Commission also recommended effective surveillance at major border points between Nepal and India and between Nepal and Tibet, as well as at Kathmandu's international airport.
In addition, the Commission urged the Government to ratify the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, and the UN Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families.
Date: 26 April 2016
- NHRC Chairperson Justice Anup Raj Sharma launching the report - National Human Rights Commission of Nepal