Racial discrimination a key factor behind violence
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The AIHRC's research team travelled to 29 provinces across Afghanistan to collect data for the landmark study.
A new study by the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission has found that racial discrimination is a key factor behind increasing level of violence in the country.
The study, which assessed implementation of International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination in Afghanistan, found that a quarter (25.4 per cent) of Afghans had experienced discrimination by government institutions because of their ethnicity, race or religious affiliations.
This included discrimination in relation to recruitment, promotion and in the provision of financial privileges by government institutions.
Respondents also said that some articles of the Constitution of Afghanistan also increased racial discrimination.
From the total of 3,498 respondents to the study, 1,093 said they faced discrimination because of their ethnicity, 596 because of their religious affiliations and 975 because of their race.
The remaining 229 said they were deprived of casting votes in the elections because of their ethnic, race, language, and religious affiliations.
The study found that
- 207 people were fired from their jobs because of ethnic discrimination
- 275 people were deprived of promotion because of their religious, language and racial affiliations
- 360 people eligible for a job were deprived of their financial privileges
- 272 people faced discrimination while consulting legal and judicial organisations
- 289 people faced discrimination while applying for business and ownership
- 401 people faced discrimination while trying to access health services
- 407 people faced discrimination while trying to access to education services.
The Commission's research team travelled to 29 provinces across Afghanistan to collect data for the study.
"Discrimination is a source of violence and it is a key factor for the continuation of violence in Afghanistan," Commission Chairperson Dr Sima Samar said.
"We witnessed ethnic wars in Afghanistan and even today attacks are carried out on the people because of their religion and ethnicity," she said.
Afghanistan signed the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination on 6 July 1983, and ratified and officially acceded to it on 5 March 2003.
The full study is available at: https://www.aihrc.org.af/home/research_report/8055.
Date: 2 April 2019
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