Australia: Call for national research agenda on child self-harm and suicide
Graphic: Report cover image: Australian Human Rights Commission
Ground-breaking data released by the Australian Human Rights Commission highlights the need for more research about intentional self-harm in children.
Ground-breaking data released today by the Australian Human Rights Commission highlights the need for further research about intentional self-harm, with or without suicidal intent, in children and young people.
In her statutory report to Parliament, National Children's Commissioner Megan Mitchell has called for a national research agenda to underpin policies and interventions for children and young people engaging in intentional self-harm.
The report includes previously unpublished data from the National Coronial Information Service (NCIS) covering the period of 2007-2012, and the age ranges of 4-17 years.
This data shows a 657% increase in the number of deaths due to intentional self-harm when comparing the 12-13 year age range with the 14-15 year age range. There were 14 deaths in the 12-13 year age range and 106 deaths in the 14-15 year age range.
"The increase in the number of deaths in children aged 14-15 compared with those aged 12-13 tells us that we need to target our interventions much better," Commissioner Mitchell said.
"It is clear that we need to review the timing of interventions and support, and work with children much earlier to build resilience and encourage help seeking."
Data sourced from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) shows that between 2007-08 and 2012-13, there were 18,277 hospitalisations for intentional self-harm involving children and young people in the 3-17 year age range. 82% of these hospitalisations were for intentional self-poisoning.
"To find effective prevention and intervention strategies, we need regular and more detailed surveillance of death and hospitalisation due to intentional self-harm in children aged 4-17 years and a national research agenda", Commissioner Mitchell said.
"The type of data released in my report today should be made available every year.
Without comprehensive surveillance of intentional self-harm in children, our prevention and early intervention strategies cannot be properly planned or evaluated".
The report identifies a number of areas where empirical evidence is lacking, including how and why children and young people engage in intentional self-harm, with or without suicidal intent; the psychological mechanisms underlying suicide clusters; the impact of protective factors; the impact of current interventions and support programs; and the effectiveness of postvention services and gatekeeping training programs.
Commissioner Mitchell recommends finding effective ways to encourage children and young people to access appropriate help or support for early signs and symptoms of difficulties as a priority for the national research agenda.
"Strategies to promote help-seeking as a positive life skill and a sign of strength should be prioritised," Commissioner Mitchell said.
The Australian Human Rights Commission Children's Rights Report 2014 is now available online: www.humanrights.gov.au/publications/childrens-rights-report-2014
Date: 27 November 2014
- Report cover image: Australian Human Rights Commission - Australian Human Rights Commission